history of law

The Right of Blood Revenge In a Medieval Ukraine

“… immortal revenge …”, – Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel

Volodymyr Machuskyy Sr.

The idea and practice of blood revenge existed in ancient societies around the world. But there were not so many countries in which the right of blood revenge was enshrined in a legal written code.

In 1016, the legal code “Rus’ka Pravda” (Rus’ka Truth) was drawn up and approved in a medieval state called  Kyivan Rus’. The capital of this state was Kyiv. Nota bene: such a famous city as Moscow did not exist at that time yet.

The first article of “Rus’ka Pravda” is quite indicative: “When a man kills a man, the brother of the slain, or the father or the son, or the brother of the eldest son, or other brothers, must take revenge.”