legal English

Modern Legal English: Voting results for the topic student round table

Student voting by topic has the following results:

  1. Cryptocurrency and legislation in Ukraine – 155
  2. Digital skills and entrepreneurship – 148
  3. Artificial Intelligence and law – 142
  4. The Internet of Things: law and reality – 136
  5. Legal bases of circling and green economy – 136
  6. Creative Commons – 130
  7. Lifelong learning and digital education – 130
  8. Cybersecurity and Ransomware Attacks – 129
  9. Digital public services (legal aspects) -129
  10. Smart contract and contract management – 128
  11. Due Diligence – 124
  12. Outsourcing: the essence and features of implementation in Ukraine – 121
business law legal English

Creative Commons and copyright law

The main purpose of the trial lesson is the acquisition of communicative competence by students, sufficient for the practical use of the English language, both in professional activity and for the purposes of personal communication and self-education.
The tasks for the lesson:
1) learn the glossary to the text and be ready to explain meanings of the words;
2) watch the video carefully and be ready to do the test at the lesson;
3) be ready to discuss the difference(s)between the copyright and creative commons;
4) be ready to do the practical task.
Creative Commons licenses give everyone from individual creators to large institutions a standardized way to grant the public permission to use their creative work under copyright law. From the reuser’s perspective, the presence of a Creative Commons license on a copyrighted work answers the question, “What can I do with this work?” 


Creative Commons – licenses that allow authors of creative works to communicate which rights they reserve and which rights they waive for the benefit of recipients or other creators.

The commons — the body of work freely available for legal use, sharing, repurposing, and remixing.

All rights reserved – another person cannot reproduce, distribute and/or adapt any part of the work without your permission by copyright law.

Collective Work means a work, such as a periodical issue, anthology or encyclopedia, in which the Work in its entirety in unmodified form, along with one or more other contributions, constituting separate and independent works in themselves, are assembled into a collective whole. 

Original Author -the individual, individuals, entity or entities who created the Work.

Work – the copyrightable work of authorship offered under the terms of this License.

“You” – an individual or entity exercising rights under this License who has not previously violated the terms of this License with respect to the Work, or who has received express permission from the Licensor to exercise rights under this License despite a previous violation.

Licensor – means the individual, individuals, entity or entities that offers the Work under the terms of this License..

Licensee – the party receiving the intellectual property

Copyright – a type of intellectual property that gives its owner the exclusive right to make copies of a creative work, usually for a limited time.

An anti-copyright notice – a specific statement that is added to a work in order to encourage wide distribution. E.g. “Anti-Copyright! Reprint freely, in any manner desired, even without naming the source.”

Derivative Work means a work based upon the Work or upon the Work and other pre-existing works, such as a translation, musical arrangement, dramatization, fictionalization, motion picture version, sound recording, art reproduction, abridgment, condensation, or any other form in which the Work may be recast, transformed, or adapted, except that a work that constitutes a Collective Work.

Fair Use Rights – nothing in this license is intended to reduce, limit, or restrict any rights arising from fair use, first sale or other limitations on the exclusive rights of the copyright owner under copyright law or other applicable laws.

legal English

Vaccine Mandates and Law

The main purpose of the trial lesson is the acquisition of communicative competence by students, sufficient for the practical use of the English language, both in professional activity and for the purposes of personal communication and self-education.
The tasks for the lesson:
1) learn- a) the vocabulary/correct pronunciation of the words, b) be ready to explain their meanings and the idiom “File a claim” in English 
2) watch video episode and be ready to do the test (you’ll do the test at the lesson)
3) read the article mindfully and put 2 questions to each paragraph (print them directly in the box “Put questions to the text”)
4) think about the answers you’ll give to the questions from the section “Issues for discussion”.


Vaccine mandate -it’s a law that says you must be vaccinated to do certain things like working, traveling, or even attending a concert.

A Lawyer is a generic term to describe a legal practitioner.

A Solicitor is a type of lawyer in Britain who provide legal advice for client usually in one or more areas of law. He defends people in lower court of law.

 A Barrister is a type of lawyer in Britain who can argue cases in the higher courts of law.

An attorney is a lawyer that has passed a bar examination.

An advocate is specialist lawyer. He does not deal with client directly.

Freedom of religion or belief is the right to hold and manifest any religion or belief.

A request –  a way of saying that a party to a lawsuit (or usually the attorney) is asking or demanding a judge to act (such as issuing a writ) or demanding something from the other party (such as production of documents).

A writ is a written document issuing a legal order

Meaningful relief – the redress or assistance that a party seeks from a court.

Complain to make a formal accusation or charge (ex. He threatened to complain of him to the captain).

Downtime – period during which an equipment or machine is not functional or cannot work.

Undergo – to go through 

A lawsuit is a civil legal action by one person or entity (the “plaintiff”) against another person or entity (the “defendant”), to be decided in a court. 

Vaccination policy is the health policy a government adopts in relation to vaccination. Vaccination policies have been developed over the approximately two centuries since the invention of vaccination with the purpose of eradicating disease from, or creating a herd immunity for, the population the government aims to protect.
Vaccinations are voluntary in some countries and mandatory in others, with mandatory vaccination policies sometimes leading to opposition.

Idiom: “File a claim”. Syn.: file a statement of claim, file a complaint, make a claim, submit a demand.
As a verb, “claim” means to put forth a formal demand for money that is due as a remedy from an injury suffered.
As a noun, “claim” is a demand for something that is due, usually in a written format.

Difference between: A lawyer. A solicitor. A barrister. An advocate. An attorney

Watch the video carefully