«Міжнародна економіка і менеджмент»,
1 курс ДВНЗ «Київський національний економічний університет імені Вадима Гетьмана» Науковий керівний –к.ю.н, професор кафедри теорії та історії права Мачуський В.В
Today, there is a question of the legal personality of the citizen, which is urgent. It is caused by the growing share of the value of international norms on the legal status of the individual, as well as the lack of a universally recognized position among scientists, primarily because of the lack of clarity of understanding of the legal position of the individual in the international arena, legal personality.
Opinions of scientists are dispersed, the overwhelming majority views the individual only as participant. The other part gives rights. Less than 1% of scientists suggested that in certain exceptional circumstances an individual may be recognized as a holder of rights and responsibilities.
The purpose of this work is to carry out the research about the human biosociality, citizenship, rights and responsibilities, role in society.
The relevance of the topic is due to the rights of people in society and the country in all spheres of human life, the emergence of new requirements of mankind.
In the course of the study, the following tasks were performed: analysis of a person in society, identification of the role of a person as a person, law and obligation.
Research methods used in this work: analysis of people role in society, their reactions their daily life, analyzing their rights and responsibilities.
Professional literature analyzed in this work
A review of the literature on the topic showed that a role in society creates your individuality, that people have rights and responsibilities and that everyone has citizenship. As you know, the content of legal capacity is that minors include the ability to own rights and responsibilities. Such communication, manifests itself in three main aspects:
1) rights because the people around us, all of society, allow it, give them the opportunity,
2) the right of a citizen in one legal relationship is related
3) the rights of the citizen in this relationship are related to the duties of another person in the same legal relationship
The term “content of capacity” is sometimes understood to mean “specific subjective rights and the legal obligations of a particular entity.
Content can change over the course of a person’s life, individual elements may appear from reaching a certain age.
Especially important during the research was the book “Biosocial Criminology: New Directions in Theory and Research” by Richard P.Wiebe.
The topic of the research is a bit extensive, but based on the tasks which are set, we were able to solve aspects of the problem and get certain result. The terms “person”, “person”, “citizen” in social terms mean are members of society. Politically, in accordance with the constitution, a person acts as a citizen, a stateless person, a foreign national, a refugee, or a displaced person. Legal status of a person means the legal status of a citizen.
The legal status of a stateless person and a foreign citizen are separate categories, however, given that they are formed on the basis of the legal position of a citizen of a particular state, it is advisable to speak about the legal position of the person as a whole. The concepts of “legal status of a person” and “legal status of a person” are equivalent.
The legal position of the individual and the citizen, both as a whole and separately, is conditioned by the peculiarities of the social status that exists in a certain period of development of society and the state.
The social status of a person depends on the nature of the social way in which it is composed and functions. It is influenced by many factors, the main ones being labor and property as the basis for the formation of civil society.
It is a widely held view that “Law regulates social relations, that is, relations between people”, but “the law does not extend to the individual the act that would give rise to his subjective rights and obligations. If the individual is not a subject to a rule of law that gives rise to his subjective rights and obligations, then he cannot be a part to a legal relationship, ”and because individuals“ do not have direct access, they are not addressees of law (not its subjects).
- Book “Biosocial Criminology: New Directions in Theory and Research” by Richard P.Wiebe.
- JURISDICTION OF MINORS AS A PREREQUISITES OF THE ACT OF LAWS