Machuskyy історія Мачуський В.В.

The Right of Blood-Revenge in a Medieval Ukraine: The Concept and the Evolution

Volodymyr Machuskyy

Kyiv National Economic University named after Vadym Hetman
                                                       Date Written: September 12, 2018


The idea and practice of blood-revenge existed in ancient societies around the world. Because of its high prevalence and significance, blood-revenge as a social phenomenon for a long time was the subject of study of a sufficiently large number of scientists, representatives of various sciences from many countries.

The scientific diversity in the context of the study of blood revenge paradoxically leads to contradictory scientific results and, as a consequence, makes it difficult to obtain true knowledge about the nature of blood-revenge. Hence, there was an objective need to study the general patterns of the emergence, functioning and gradual withering away of blood-revenge as a special institute in the system of social regulation of the medieval society on the territory of modern Ukraine.

Main conclusions:

1. The right of blood-revenge is a social institution of collective security in a primitive society aimed at protecting individuals from violent crimes.

2. The evolution of the right of blood-revenge in Kyivan Rus was due to the transformation from the right of blood-revenge into a cash ransom and, subsequently, in the death penalty as a surrogate of the right of blood-revenge.

Keywords: blood-revenge, right of blood-revenge

JEL Classification: K19

Machuskyy, Volodymyr, The Right of Blood-Revenge in a Medieval Ukraine: The Concept and the Evolution (September 12, 2018). Available at SSRN:



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